What Is Platelet-Rich Plasma?

What Is Platelet-Rich Plasma?

specialist in gloves injecting patient's forehead with Botox


For many years, platelet-rich plasma (PRP) treatments have been used to treat and heal sports injuries. The treatment has had such great success that it has been gaining popularity in cosmetic surgery due to its organic nature. No chemicals are used, and the results are undeniable, making it one of the most sought-after cosmetic treatment options available.


An individual’s blood contains red and white blood cells, platelets, and fibrin as well as other components. The platelets, rich in growth factors, and fibrin, a fibrous protein, promote healing of damaged tissue by restoring its structure and strength. With PRP treatments, a patient’s blood is collected and processed at high speeds. This process creates a higher concentration of the body’s own growth and healing properties: platelets and fibrin. A more potent and quickened healing response is seen when the platelet-rich plasma is reintroduced to an area of the body needing treatment.


The procedure typically takes approximately 30 minutes, and the majority of this time is spent drawing the patient’s blood and processing it. The concentrated blood is then injected into areas of the face, neck, or hands to cosmetically treat wrinkles and scars. Dr. Pearlman may apply ice packs to the areas of injection following treatment to minimize swelling and bruising at the injection sites. This treatment is considered one of the safest options. There is no risk of an allergic reaction because the patient’s own blood is being used. Side effects of the treatment are almost non-existent, and the body is unlikely to reject the platelet-rich plasma. Additionally, there is no downtime for treatment, and most patients return to work the same day as the procedure or the following day.


Bruising and swelling following treatment will subside after three to four days. Dr. Pearlman may want to follow up at two weeks and six weeks after the original treatment to assess healing and check for any complications. While most physicians will say that results last for about three months, some patients have seen results lasting as long as 18 months to two years. The platelet-rich plasma generates new cell growth over time, while other filler treatments break down over time. Touch-up treatments may be necessary to obtain the long-lasting results desired.

If you would like further information about platelet-rich plasma or to schedule a consultation with Dr. Pearlman, contact our office at 212-223-8300.